The managers of English football have attracted as much attention from the fans and media as the players themselves. The manager is seen as the man who has the ultimate responsibility for the success of the side and the post has attracted some of the most unique characters that have been associated with the game. Although the teams are all English this does not necessarily mean that all the managers have to be English. Some of the most successful and well known managers in English football have come from various parts of the world and their won nationality has no one affected the impression that they have had on the game.
One of the most high profile jobs in world football is being manager of the England football team. The country does not possess the most talented footballers in the world yet they play in the most competitive and exciting league. This has produced a nation of passionate football supporters who have an exceedingly high level of expectation from their performance of their national side. The success of the 1966 side in winning the World Cup has raised the levels of expectation even higher and the manager of the England team back in 1966 was Sir Alf Ramsey. He actually played for England on 34 occasions where he was known as being a tactical general, and he was part of the Tottenham side that won the League title in 1951.
He started his career as a manager with Ipswich Town where in six years they won the 3rd division in 1957, the 2nd division in 1961 and their success culminated in them becoming the League Champions in 1962. This unbelievable success resulted in him being appointed the England manager in 1963. In the next 9 years the side only lost 17 games of the 113 matches that he was in charge of. As well as winning the World Cup, the side reached the semi-finals of the European Championships in 1968, and the quarter finals of both the 1970 Mexico World Cup and the 1972 European Championships. No England manager since has experienced such success.
Another manager who also followed the same path from managing Ipswich Town to managing the England Team was Bobby Robson. He also played for the national team on 20 occasions, and after a brief spell at Fulham he became the manager of Ipswich Town in 1969. In his 13 years at the club the side fished runners up in the league on two occasions, won the FA cup in 1978 and in 1981 they won the UEFA cup. During all of these years he achieved this success by bringing in only 14 players from outside of the club.
The majority of the side came through the clubs youth programs and many of these players went on to become full internationals. In 1982 he succeeded Ron Greenwood as the England manager and during his 95 games in charge the side only lost on 18.occasions. His greatest achievement was leading the team to the semi-finals of the 1990 World Cup.
After leaving the post at the end of the World Cup Robson went on to manage PSV Eindhoven in Holland, in which the side went on to win the league in both 1991 and 1992. In 1992 he left for Portugal and after a brief spell at Sporting Lisbon he went on to spend 3 seasons at FC Porto. During his time at Porto he took the side from the bottom half of the table to being league winners in both the 1995 and 1996 seasons. At the end of the 1996 season he was approached by the Spanish giants Barcelona and he took charge of the club with Jose Mourinho as his assistant and by the end of the 1997 season the side had won the Copa del Rey and the European Cup Winners Cup.
On his return tom England he managed Newcastle United between 1999 and 2004. During his time at the club the side twice qualified for the Champions League and in 2005 has given the freedom of the city. Robson had a very successful managerial career although his achievements as the national manager were never really appreciated by a public, and a press, that had unrealistic expectations of the national side.