In a match, a soccer player easily can run a race of 30 or 40 meters at full speed, then stop and change directions in a matter of seconds. These constant and intense changes of rhythms are very aggressive on the body, even a highly trained one. These intense changes can produce a sprain, a very common injury in football players.
Being football one of the most intense and tough sports that exist, it shouldn’t surprise anyone to know that injuries are the order of the day. Although it is rough, perhaps not so much at the level of resistance as there are other sports such as marathon and cycling that are much more demanding in this regard. However, in terms of the structure of the human body, football is much more aggressive. These are the most common injuries in footballers:
A sprained ankle is an injury to the ligaments that make up the joint, caused by stretching beyond its limit of elasticity. According to where the footballer has turned the ankle at the time of the injury, it can be a sprain of the internal or external ligaments. The ankle is one of the joints that suffers the most in soccer practice, due to the intensity with which it’s played, the changes of rhythm and the high levels of pressure on the training. The spins, jumps, games and even the quality of the field affect the chances of a player suffering a sprained ankle.
Knee injuries are also very common in soccer players. Either by blows to the joint, inadequate movements (extension or rotation), overload or microtrauma. The risk of suffering a knee sprain increase in proportion to the matches that the player plays. The sprain of the ligaments of the knee is produced by the stretching or tearing of any of the ligaments when falling with the knee poorly positioned after a jump or step, after a forced turn of the same, by a direct blow on the inner side of the joint or by overload.
Classification According to The Severity of The Sprain
According to how bad the lesion was, a doctor could recognize three grades of a sprain in a ligament: The grade I (mild) were the ligament is stretched, causing microscopic tears. This type of injury does not limit the functionality of the joint. A grade II (moderate) that occurs when the ligament breaks partially but is still intact. There may be some instability and exhaustion in the knee when standing or walking, and finally, the grade III (severe) a serious injury were the ligament tears completely and the knee becomes unstable and requires surgery to be repaired. Sprains are injuries that occur relatively frequently, and it is very rare that a football player has not suffered them at some time in their career. Most of them recover satisfactorily after a period of rest, proper treatment and physiotherapy.
Symptoms of a Sprain
The knee sprain is characterized by the pain felt at the point where the fibrillar tear has occurred. It can be accompanied by inflammation, painful crunching, redness, stiffness, and inability of the patient to stay on his feet. A sprained ankle is recognizable by the intense pain in the joint, inflammation, notable bruising on the skin, a sensation of localized heat and increased sensitivity in the injured area. All the symptoms should be evaluated by a specialist, but the first aid recommended is to avoid any movement of the injured joint and place an ice pack to reduce swelling and pain.